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ADJECTIVES

Adjectives are one of the main parts of speech of the English language, although historically they were classed together with nouns. Certain words that were traditionally considered to be adjectives, including the thismy, etc., are today usually classed separately, as determiners

Adjectives modify, describe, and identify nouns and pronouns. They may name qualities of all kinds: biggreenhappywonderfulnicewise, etc.

An adjective usually comes right before a noun: “a wise man” “beautiful girl.”

 Degree of Comparison

Adjective change in form when they show comparison.

  1. Positive Degree: An adjective is said to be in the positive degree when there is no comparison.

     Eg: she is a good student

        It is a marvelous story

  • Comparative Degree: An adjective is said to be in the comparative degree when it is used to compare two nouns/pronouns.

Eg : Joseph is taller than Ravi

       Mary is more talkative than Ramya

  • Superlative Degree: An adjective is in superlative degree when it is used to compare more than two nouns/pronouns. We use the article ‘the’ before the superlative degrees.

Eg: Ramya is the best girl in the class.

   Raghuram is one of the wisest men in the family.

Frame the sentences using the adjectives given below or use “the + superlative”

  1. By addition of ‘-er’ and ‘-est’ to the positive degree
POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
BrightBrighter thanThe brightest
BlackBlacker thanThe blackest
BoldBolderboldest
CleverCleverercleverest
ColdColdercoldest
FastFasterfastest
GreatGreatergreatest
HighHigherhighest
KindKinderkindest
LongLongerlongest
RichRicherrichest
SmallSmallersmallest
StrongStrongerstrongest
SweetSweetersweetest
TallTallertallest
ThickThickerthickest
YoungYoungeryoungest
  • by addition of ‘-r’ and ‘-st’ to the positive degree ending in ‘e’
POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
bravebraver thanThe bravest
finefiner thanThe finest
largelargerlargest
nicenicernicest
noblenoblernoblest
palepalerpalest
simplesimplersimplest
wisewiserwisest
whitewhiterwhitest
  • When the positive ends in ‘y’ and has a consonant before it, we change ‘y’ into ‘i’ and then add ‘er’ and ‘est’.
          By deleting the final ‘y’ and adding ‘ier’ and ‘iest’
POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE costly costlier than The costliest dry drier than The driest easy easier easiest happy happier happiest heavy heavier heaviest lazy lasier lasiest mercy mercier merciest wealthy wealthier wealthiest
  • when the positive degree ends in a consonant with a vowel before it, we double the consonant & then add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’
POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
bigbiggerbiggest
dimdimmerdimmest
fatfatterfattest
hothotterhottest
thinthinnerthinnest
  • by addition of ‘-er’ and ‘-est’ to the positive degree when it ends in ‘-y’
POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
gaygayer thanThe gayest
greygreyer thanThe greyest
  • by placing ‘more’ and ‘most’ before the positive form
POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
activemore active thanThe most active
attractivemore attractive thanThe most attractive
beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
brilliantmore brilliantmost brilliant
carefulmore carefulmost careful
courageousmore courageousmost courageous
cunningmore cunningmost cunning
difficultmore difficultmost difficult
famousmore famousmost famous
faithfulmore faithfulmost faithful
importantmore importantmost important
propermore propermost proper
popularmore popularmost popular
splendidmore splendidmost splendid
suitablemore suitablemost suitable
  • Some adjectives do not follow any of the rules explained earlier. They are compared irregularly. Here are the different forms of such adjectives.
POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
badworse thanThe worst
evilworse thanThe worst
goodbetterbest
illworseworst
farfartherfarthest
wellbetterbest
latelaterlatest (time)
latelaterlast (position)
littlelessleast
muchmoremost
manymoremost
nearnearernearest
oldolderoldest
oldeldereldest
  • There are thousands of these descriptive words are given below. Read them and enrich the vocabulary. The adjectives are given according to their functions.

Adjectives to describe a Person or Personality:

AggressiveFamousRestless
AgoraphobicFearlessRich
AmbidextrousFertileRighteous
AmbitiousFragileRitzy
AmoralFrankRomantic
AngelicFunctionalRustic
BrainyGabbyRuthless
BreathlessGenerousSassy
BusyGiftedSecretive
CalmHelpfulSedate
CapableHesitantShy
CarelessInnocentSleepy
CautiousInquisitiveSomber
CheerfulInsaneStingy
CleverJauntyStupid
CommonJuicySuper
CompleteMachoSwanky
ConcernedManlyTame
CrazyModernTawdry
CuriousMushyTerrific
DeadNaughtyTesty
DeepOddUninterested
DelightfulOldVague
DeterminedOpenVerdant
DifferentOutstandingVivacious
DiligentPerkyWacky
EnergeticPoorWandering
ErraticPowerfulWild
EvilPuzzledWomanly
ExuberantRealWrong

Adjectives to describe Appearance:

AblazeDistinctQuirky
AdorableDrabRuddy
AlluringDullShiny
AttractiveElegantSkinny
AverageEmbarrassedSloppy
AwkwardFancySmiling
BalancedFatSparkling
BeautifulFilthySpotless
BlondeGlamorousStrange
BloodyGleamingTacky
BlushingGlossyTall
BrightGracefulThin
CleanGrotesqueUgly
ClearHandsomeUnattractive
CloudyHomelyUnbecoming
ClumsyInteriorUncovered
ColorfulLovelyUnsightly
ConfidentMagnificentUnusual
CrackedMurkyWatery
CrookedOld-fashionedWeird
CrushedPlainWild
CurlyPoisedWiry
CutePrettyWooden
DebonairPuffyWorried
DirtyQuaintZaftig

Adjectives to describe Taste:

BitterMintySpicy
BlandPickledSwee
DeliciousSaltyTasty
FruitySour 
Gingery  

 Adjectives to describe Touch:

BoilingFluffySharp
BreezyFreezingSilky
BumpyFuzzySlick
ChillyGreasySlimy
ColdHardSlippery
CoolHotSmooth
CuddlyIcySoft
DampLooseSolid
DirtyMeltedSticky
DryPainfulTender
DustyPricklyTight
EncrustedRoughUneven
FilthyShaggyWarm
FlakyShakyWet

Adjectives to describe Sound:

BlaringMelodicScreeching
DeafeningMoaningShrill
FaintMuffledSilent
HoarseMuteSoft
High-pitchedNoisySquealing
HissingPurringSqueaking
HushedQuietThundering
HuskyRaspyVoiceless
LoudResonantWhispering

Adjectives to describe Colour:

AzureGrayPinkish
BlackGreenPurple
BlueIndigoRed
BrightLavenderRosy
BrownLightScarlet
CrimsonMagentaSilver
DarkMulticoloredTurquoise
DrabMustardViolet
DullOrangeWhite
GoldPinkYellow

Adjectives to describe Size:

AbundantJumboPuny
Big-bonedLargeScrawny
ChubbyLittleShort
FatLongSmall
GiantMajesticTall
GiganticMammothTeeny
GreatMassiveThin
HugeMiniatureTiny
ImmensePetiteVast

Adjectives to describe Shape:

BlobbyDistortedRotund
BroadFlatRound
ChubbyFluffySkinny
CircularGlobularSquare
CrookedHollowSteep
CurvedLowStraight
CylindricalNarrowTriangular
DeepOvalWide

Adjectives to describe Time:

AnnualFuturisticRapid
BriefHistoricalRegular
DailyIrregularShort
EarlyLateSlow
EternalLongSpeed
FastModernSpeedy
FirstOldSwift
FleetOld-fashionedWaiting
FutureQuickYoung

 Adjectives to describe Situations:

AccidentalDoubtfulMain
AchievableElementaryMinor
AdvantageousFinger-printedNasty
AlcoholicGroundlessNutritious
AnimatedHardObsolete
AquaticHarmfulOptimal
AromaticHighOrganic
AspiringHonestPremium
BadHorribleQuizzical
BawdyIllegalRainy
BiographicalIllegibleRedundant
BizarreImperfectRemarkable
BrokenImpossibleSimple
CarefulInternalTangible
CredibleInventiveTricky
CreepyJazzyWholesale
CumbersomeJuvenileWorse
DisastrousLegalWry
DismissiveLogicalX-rated

Adjectives to describe an Amount:

AllHeavyOne
AmpleHundredsPaltry
AstronomicalLargePlentiful
BountifulLightProfuse
ConsiderableLimitedSeveral
CopiousLittleSizable
CountlessManySome
EachMeaslySparse
EnoughMereSubstantial
EveryMultipleTeeming
FewMyriadTen
FullNumerousVery

Adjectives to describe an Emotion:

AbrasiveEmbarrassedGrumpy
AbruptEnergeticKind
AfraidEnragedLazy
AgreeableEnthusiasticLively
AggressiveEnviousLonely
AmiableEvilLucky
AmusedExcitedMad
AngryExhaustedManic
AnnoyedExuberantMysterious
AshamedFairNervous
BadFaithfulObedient
BitterFantasticObnoxious
BewilderedFierceOutrageous
BoringFinePanicky
BraveFoolishPerfect
CallousFranticPersuasive
CalmFriendlyPleasant
CalmingFrightenedProud
CharmingFunnyQuirky
CheerfulFuriousRelieved
CombativeGentleRepulsive
ComfortableGlibRundown
DefeatedGloriousSad
ConfusedGoodScary
CooperativeGratefulSelfish
CourageousGrievingSilly
CowardlyGustySplendid
CrabbyGutlessSuccessful
CreepyHappyTedious
CrossHealthyTense
CruelHeinousTerrible
DangerousHelplessThankful
DefeatedHilariousThoughtful
DefiantHungryThoughtless
DelightfulHurtTired
DepressedHystericalTroubled
DeterminedImmoralUpset
DisgustedImpassionedWeak
DisturbedIndignantWeary
EagerIrateWicked
ElatedItchyWorried
EmbarrassedJealousZany
EnchantingJollyZealous
              NOTE: 1)The four demonstrative adjectivesthisthatthese, and those—are identical to the demonstrative pronouns. They are used to distinguish the person or thing being described from others of the same category or class. This and these describe people or things that are nearby, or in the present. That and those are used to describe people or things that are not here, not nearby, or in the past or future.   2)These adjectives, like the definite and indefinite articles (aan, and the), always come before any other adjectives that modify a noun.   3) An indefinite adjective describes a whole group or class of people or things, or a person or thing that is not identified or familiar. The most common indefinite adjectives are: all, another, any, both, each, either, enough, every, few, half, least, less, little, many, more, most, much, neither, one (and two, three, etc.), other, several, some, such, whole.   4) The interrogative adjectives—primarily whichwhat, and whose—are used to begin questions. They can also be used as interrogative pronouns.  

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